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D. Hiden Ramsey Library, University of North Carolina at Asheville


When to cite

You should cite any information you got from reading other people's work. This includes:

Direct quotations

Information you summarize or paraphrase from your sources

Any references to the work of others. Keep an eye out for phrases like "Some people think" or "Researchers have said"

A good general rule is to cite any information you didn't know before you started doing research.


A citation is not needed for common knowledge, widely known facts and ideas and your own thoughts.

(From Portland State University)



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Look for copy-and-paste citation tools in article databases and search engines...but remember to check them for accuracy!