From UNCA's Special Collections:
Carolina Mountain Club Archive - Founded in 1923, the CMC has been active in leading hikes, maintaining trails, and advocating for wilderness and conservation in Western North Carolina for 95 years. We hold their original records that include hundreds of hiking reports dating back to the 1920s, as well as maps, photographs, and publications. The CMC still leads weekly hikes, and you can contact them via their website: Carolina Mountain Club.
Other regional hiking trails and resources near Asheville:
Rattlesnake Lodge - This trail near the Blue Ridge Parkway north of Asheville goes to the ruins of a summer home built by an Asheville doctor in 1903-04. This website tells the story of the lodge.
NC Arboretum - 10 miles of trails for walking and biking. Just south of Asheville near the French Broad River and Blue Ridge Parkway.
Montreat Hiking Trails - The Montreat valley, near Black Mountain, has a series of trails.
Top 75 Hikes Near Asheville - A good list of trails, despite the fact it comes from the "Romantic Asheville" website.