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ARTH 330: Citing Sources

When to cite

You should cite any information you got from reading other people's work. This includes:

Direct quotations

Information you summarize or paraphrase from your sources

Any references to the work of others. Keep an eye out for phrases like "Some people think" or "Researchers have said"

A good general rule is to cite any information you didn't know before you started doing research.


A citation is not needed for common knowledge, widely known facts and ideas and your own thoughts.

(From Portland State University)


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Look for copy-and-paste citation tools in article databases and search engines!

Citation Managers

RefWorks ProQeuest Zotero
RefWorks ProQuest (formerly Flow)
(free for UNC Asheville students, faculty, and staff)
(free for use)
(free basic access)